今日特推: 【影响雅思阅读成绩的原因是什么?】 【雅思阅读词法的必备知识介绍】 【雅思阅读考试中有哪些关键词呢?】 【雅思阅读的做题顺序介绍】
搜索:
您的位置: 主页 > 雅思阅读 > » 正文

雅思阅读选择题排除干扰项

浏览: 来源:互联网

  一、 重要干扰项

  重要干扰项就是指,这种选项虽然不是正确答案,却与原文不冲突(或者很难判断是否与原文冲突),它们与正确答案看起来比较相似,只不过不如正确答案更准确、更完整或更严谨。我们和小编一起来看下面的例子:

  In Tarkovsky’s opinion, the attraction of the cinema is that it

  A aims to impress its audience.

  B tells stories better than books.

  C illustrates the passing of time.

  D describes familiar events.

  我们可以定位到原文的C段和D段,C段提到:The frightened audience could not accept that theywere watching a mere picture. Pictures were still, only reality moved; thismust, therefore, be reality. In their confusion, they feared that a real trainwas about to crush them. 这一段文字表达了观众当时的反应,观众们很难接受自己看到的是图画而不是事实。D段提到:The key tothat magic was the way in which cinema created a dynamic image of the real flowof events. A still picture could only imply the existence of time, while time ina novel passed at the whim of the reader. But in cinema, the real, objectiveflow of time was captured.这段文字描述了电影创造了事件随时间的发展演变,并且用picture和novel进行类比,强调电影的魔力是让人清楚地看到事情流畅地随时间演变。

  根据这两段文字所表达的意思,很多学生会选择A或B选项,因为原文提及了观众、小说(书)的内容。A和B两个选项与原文所讲的内容并不是矛盾或完全不符合的。因此,这两个选项就干扰了我们正确的选择。当我们把这两段文字仔细推敲之后,发现描述观众的反应和对比书和电影的区别,都是为了表达电影的魔力在于表达事件随时间的发展这一主题含义。C项的含义比AB要更准确,因此答案选择C项。

  二、 错误干扰项

  相比之下,多选题目的错误干扰项就较容易识别出来了。我们可以看到,有些题目中,某个选项与原文是直接矛盾的,那么肯定不会选择它为正确的答案。比如:

  A recent survey found that in British secondary schools,

  A there was more bullying than had previously been the case.

  B there was less bullying than in primary schools.

  C cases of persistent bullying were very common.

  D indirect forms of bullying were particularly difficult to deal with.

  我们看到原文,其中有一句话是:There was less bullying in secondary schools, with about onein twenty-five suffering persistent bullying. 通过这句话,我们可以明显地判断出,C项的含义与原文是矛盾的。verycommon和one in twenty-five的比例是明显不符的。因此,C选项就是一个错误的干扰项,我们可以确定地排除答案是C项的可能性。

  上述就是雅思阅读题如何应对干扰的介绍,大家在练习时不妨一起参考一下,从而更好地备考雅思阅读。雅思阅读提高需要从全方位下手,弥补自己的阅读弱点,才能够最终取得雅思考试高分。